Archaic Greek Sculpture (4)

UCLA Department of Art History
Online Slide Reviews

Kore from Keratea ("Berlin Kore")

Kore from Keratea
("Berlin Kore")

Kore from Keratea
detail of head (front)

Kore from Keratea
detail of head (side)

Kore from Keratea
back view
    From a cemetery at Keratea, near Athens Ca. 570-560 BC Wears a peplos, the traditional Athenian dress, and mantle Holds a pomegranate in her right hand Found wrapped in a lead sheet, deliberately buried to protect the statue. Perhaps meant to represent the goddess Persephone, daughter of Demeter, who was snatched away by Hades, god of the underworld, and forced to become his wife and queen of the underworld for 6 months every year, because she had eaten part of a pomegranate while in the underworld (below) 
    Compare the somewhat later kore of Phrasikleia:

Kore of Phrasikleia

    Found in Archaic cemetery at Merenda, near Athens, in 1972, together with a kouros; deliberately buried in antiquity. Ca. 560 BC Wears Doric peplos, like the Berlin Kore Holds a flower in her left hand (not shown in this illustration) Inscribed:
Marker (sema) of Phrasikleia.  /  I will always be called Maiden ("Kore")
Since the gods allotted me this  /  Name instead of marriage.
Aristion of Paros made me.
             Double meaning of "Kore" - both unwed maiden, and Kore, daughter of Persephone - cf. the wall painting from the Tomb of Persephone at Vergina

Kore Acropolis 675,  "Chian kore"

    Found on the Athenian Acropolis, one of dozens of korai found there in the Persian destruction. ca. 520 BC Paint relatively well preserved, because destroyed and buried not too long after it was made, in 480 BC Wears Ionic (i.e. from East Greece, Aegean islands, coast of Asia Minor) dress: chiton and himation, made of linen rather than heavier wool cloth. This dress becomes fashionable in Athens ca. 550 BC.

Peplos Kore

Peplos kore,
front view

Peplos kore,

Rear view
From Athenian acropolis, found in the Persian destruction. Ca. 530 BC. Like the "Berlin Kore", wears traditional Athenian peplos rather than Ionian chiton and himation, which is the fashion at this time. Why does she wear old-fashioned dress, unlike other contemporary korai?

Kore no. 675 530-515BC 
Marble 555H 
Athens: Acropolis Museum 
Century: 6C BC

Kore of Euthydikos 490 BC (circa) 
classical  sculpture Greece 
Century: 5 BC

Kore of Euthydikos ? 490 BC (circa) 
classical sculpture Greece

The so-called 'Maiden of Chios' 510 BC 
classical sculpture Greece 
Athens Acropolis Mus. 
Century: 6 BC